Epilepsy

Overview

A disorder of the central nervous system, epilepsy causes repeated episodes of unprovoked seizures. It affects people of all ages and backgrounds and is triggered by the disturbance of your brain’s normal cell activity. During seizures patients experience abnormal behavior, symptoms and sensations, including loss of consciousness, which can be lethal during activities such as driving or swimming. This is why even mild seizures require treatment. There are many possible causes of epilepsy, including an imbalance of nerve-signaling chemicals called neurotransmitters, tumors, strokes, and brain damage from illness or injury, or a combination of these. In the majority of cases, there may be no detectable cause. To control and regulate all voluntary and involuntary responses in the body, nerve cells in the brain communicate with each other through electrical activity. A seizure occurs when part(s) of the brain receives a burst of abnormal electrical signals that temporarily interrupts normal electrical brain function.

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